last update: 2020 01 25
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Table of contents.

The facts.

CO2 budget clock for 2° C and 1.5 °C warming.

climateactiontracker.org

www.electricitymap.org

globalcarbonatlas.org

www.methanelevels.org

Youtube channel: potholer54.

How accurate are scientific predictions about climate? (2019-04-09).

Climate crisis: 11,000 scientists warn of ‘untold suffering’ (2019-11-05).
Europe ‘could get 10 times’ its electricity needs from onshore wind, study says (2019-07-05).

Building new renewables is now cheaper than just running old coal and nuclear plants (2017-11-20).

Future of Energy I Ramez Naam I Exponential Energy I SingularityU Czech Summit 2018 (2018-05-25).

Article: reuters.com: More than 40 percent of world coal plants are unprofitable: report (2018-11-30).

Reddit: America has officially entered the “coal cost crossover” – Today, local wind and solar could replace approximately 74 percent of the U.S. coal fleet at an immediate savings to customers. (2019-04-05)
Article: energyinnovation.org: The Coal Cost Crossover: Economic Viability Of Existing Coal Compared To New Local Wind And Solar Resources (2019-03-24).
Video: How noisy is a wind farm? (2011-07-06).

Article: Scientists amazed as Canadian permafrost thaws 70 years early (2019-06-18).
HN: Canadian permafrost thaws 70 years earlier than predicted (reuters.com) (2019-06-18).

Climate change: Oceans 'soaking up more heat than estimated' (2018-11-01).
Emissions need to be halved to avoid 3C warming - scientists (2019-06-19).
HN: Oil Companies Plan to Blow Past World Carbon Budget (theguardian.com) (2019-10-10).
Oil firms to pour extra 7m barrels per day into markets, data shows (2019-10-10).

HN: A vet's hellish diary of climate change (watoday.com.au) (2019-12-26).
Cattle have stopped breeding, koalas die of thirst: A vet's hellish diary of climate change (2019-12-25).
The veterinary is evil and insane and guilty of promoting this disaster.
Unfortunately the evil insane profiteers and promoters of fossil fuel and animal products suffer too little and too late.
This means change is too little and too late. Locally and globally.

Australia wildfires: Half a billion animals and plants killed as glaciers turn black (2019-01-02).

The solutions.

The energy solution has 2 parts:
Science and technology must be promoted to reduce and reverse climate warming.

Besides:

Migration.

Policies based on "one world for all" will be necessary to keep peace.
Politics.

Migration towards the poles of Earth might become necessary.
Duty of profitable migration of persons.

Many persons will live in cool buildings and cities.
Duty of profitable modern life in modern cities.

Unfortunately wild life will not have this option.

Climate change to cause humid heatwaves that will kill even healthy people (2017-08-02).

Unsurvivable heatwaves could strike heart of China by end of century (2018-07-31).

Heat wave leaves thousands of Australian homes without power (2018-01-29).

Record-breaking heatwave triggers power cuts on Australia's stressed grid (2019-01-25).

Cooling.

How we can turn the cold of outer space into a renewable resource | Aaswath Raman (2018-06-22).
In the future, particular surfaces reflect heat to outer space while other solar radiation is used to produce electricity.

Diet.

Enforcement of a low-fat low-protein high-carb vegan diet for medical, ecological, economic and ethical reasons.

UN Climate Report Has Trevor Noah Bashing Vegans (2019-08-13).
Cowspiracy movie. Available on Youtube and Netflix.
What the Health movie. Available on Youtube and Netflix.
The Game Changers Official Teaser Trailer.
PLANT BASED NEWS. Notably WHY LOW CARB DIETS ARE A SCAM.
Mic. the Vegan. Notably I Thought We Required Animal Protein....
Plant based meat. impossiblefoods.com.

Different sources of energy.

Elimination of all industries that prevent a decrease of the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere after 2025.
Total Surface Area Required to Fuel the World With Solar or Offshore Wind (2009-08-13).

Solar-to-Fuel System Recycles CO2 to Make Ethanol and Ethylene (2017-09-18).

Methanol-Fueled Cars Could Drive Us Toward an Emissionless Future (2018-05-31).

Building new renewables is now cheaper than just running old coal and nuclear plants (2017-11-20).

Future of Energy I Ramez Naam I Exponential Energy I SingularityU Czech Summit 2018 (2018-05-25).

New Study: 50% Renewables Would Save AZ More than $4 Billion (2018-06-14).

Wind Farms Might Heat up the Planet, After All (2018-10-05).

climitigation.org

Rice device channels heat into light (2019-07-12).
r/futurology: Researchers at Rice University develop method to convert heat into electricity, boosting solar energy system theoretical maximum efficiency from 22% to 80% (2019-07-24).

The Future of Wind Turbines? No Blades (2015-05-15). HN: The Future of Wind Turbines? No Blades (2015) (wired.com) (2019-09-07).
vortexbladeless.com

Jet fuel from thin air: Aviation's hope or hype? (2019-10-01).
HN: Jet fuel from thin air: Aviation's hope or hype? (bbc.com) (2019-10-01).

Different use of energy.

As heat.
E.g. in molten salt. Project Malta.

As energy in batteries.
Vanadium redox battery.
Solid state battery.

As energy in recyclable fuel like ethanol or hydrogen to be used in fuel cells so that the CO2 remains contained.

'Instantly rechargeable' battery could change the future of electric and hybrid automobiles (2017-06-01).

Solar-to-Fuel System Recycles CO2 to Make Ethanol and Ethylene (2017-09-18).

Methanol-Fueled Cars Could Drive Us Toward an Emissionless Future (2018-05-31).

According to the Global Carbon Atlas:
36 183 million metric tons of CO2 emissions in 2016.

According to estimates in 2018 by Carbon Engineering and Climeworks: At a cost of $ 600 per metric ton of CO2, the capture of the emissions of 2016 (36 183 million metric tons) costs $ 21 710 billion or $ 21.7 trillion.
At a cost of $ 100 per metric ton of CO2, the capture of the emissions of 2016 (36 183 million metric tons) costs $ 3 618 billion or $ 3.6 trillion.

climitigation.org.

Electric cars are already cheaper to own and run, says study (2019-02-12).

Nuclear power.

Nuclear power.
Especially fusion power after 2030 or 2040.

The long term problem of nuclear waste is very small compared to the very urgent very big problem of climate warming.
But current nuclear power technology is too expensive in any time frame.
Europe’s heatwave is forcing nuclear power plants to shut down (2018-08-06). The rivers become too warm for ecological reasons.
Other coolants than water of rivers might be used in the near future. E.g. molten salt.

Reduction of greenhouse gases.

Carbon sequestration to reduce the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is urgent and required.

Carbon sequestration by permanent CO2 mineral storage in basalts.
E.g. The CarbFix project.

Carbon sequestration by trees.
E.g. BioCarbon Engineering.

Transformation of CO2 into fuel.

'Instantly rechargeable' battery could change the future of electric and hybrid automobiles (2017-06-01).

Solar-to-Fuel System Recycles CO2 to Make Ethanol and Ethylene (2017-09-18).

Methanol-Fueled Cars Could Drive Us Toward an Emissionless Future (2018-05-31).

Reddit: Researchers from University of Illinois have proposed a design solution for an improved leaf, which would use carbon dioxide — a potent greenhouse gas — from the air, would be at least 10 times more efficient than natural leaves at converting carbon dioxide to fuel. (2019-02-13).
Article: Moving artificial leaves out of the lab and into the air (2019-02-12).

Blue Carbon in the oceans.

Sequestration of carbon as blue carbon.
The Blue Carbon initiative.
Unfortunately it is not well known how to manage blue carbon.

Fertilizing the Ocean with Iron (2007-11-13).
World's biggest geoengineering experiment 'violates' UN rules (2012-10-15).

Study backs seaweed's carbon capturing potential (2015-05-19).

10 Regenerated Ocean Amazon Pastures Will Naturally Manage The World’s CO2 Crisis And Bring Back The Fish (2016-06-27).
But: Seeding iron in the Pacific may not pull carbon from air as thought (2016-03-03).
Can we remove a trillion tons of carbon from the atmosphere? (2018-05-03).

Time.

Notably regarding methane.

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmospheric_methane#Removal_processes:
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Runaway_climate_change#Methane_deposits_and_clathrates:

The problems.

The energy problem has 2 parts:
Drastic changes are urgent if preservation of the current species is important.
IMO allowing all animals of species adapted: is morally unacceptable.

Migration of humans, other animals and plants to colder regions because of climate change will happen.
But numbers are difficult to predict:

List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions per capita.

Sharp rise in methane levels threatens world climate targets (2019-02-17).
Climate crisis might be behind the rise of mysterious superbug C. auris, study suggests (2019-07-23).
Deadly fungal infection is first to emerge because of global warming, scientists believe (2019-07-23).

There is need for urgent change.
There is no reason for panic.
The biosphere had been much warmer in former geological epochs.

CO2 is catastrophic for most current species.

The harm of climate change and pollution in 2017 is estimated to be over 300 billion dollars in the USA.
Assessing the U.S. Climate in 2017 (2018-01-05).

Unpredictable costs are measured in trillions.
The harm of climate change and pollution regarding humans, animals, other living beings is unfathomable.

Global warming reaches 1°C above pre-industrial level in 2015, warmest in more than 11,000 years.
Naomi Oreskes on climate change: “We’ve blown it… but pessimism is not acceptable” (2016-02-24).
Why Hope Is Dangerous When It Comes to Climate Change (2017-07-25).
Barents Sea seems to have crossed a climate tipping point (2018-06-26).
Decomposing Plastics Have Been a Source of Greenhouse Gases This Whole Time (2018-08-02).

Arctic methane is apocalyptic for must current species.

Article: Scientists amazed as Canadian permafrost thaws 70 years early (2019-06-18).
HN: Canadian permafrost thaws 70 years earlier than predicted (reuters.com) (2019-06-18).

Release of Arctic Methane “May Be Apocalyptic,” Study Warns (2017-03-23).
Carbon release from permafrost.
Damage worth of hundreds of trillions because of arctic thawing (2013-07-25).

Evil inept persons in control of climate change.

Evil.
Inept.

After 30 Years Studying Climate, Scientist Declares: "I've Never Been as Worried as I Am Today" (2018-12-13).
Obviously evil is the intention of evil French President Emmanual Macron in 2018 to increase the tax on fossil fuel for 2 purposes:
Modern life in modern cities.

Summit leak reveals EU rift on climate change (2019-03-21).
More proofs of the insanity and evil of politicians:
  1. The oil industry was worth $1.7 trillion in 2016 (2016-10-23).
  2. Annual global fossil fuel subsidies amounting to $5.3 trillion in 2015 (6.5% of global GDP) (2017-10).
  3. Details for Europe.
  4. Reddit: America has officially entered the “coal cost crossover” – Today, local wind and solar could replace approximately 74 percent of the U.S. coal fleet at an immediate savings to customers. (2019-04-05).
  5. Article: energyinnovation.org: The Coal Cost Crossover: Economic Viability Of Existing Coal Compared To New Local Wind And Solar Resources (2019-03-24).
  6. G20 countries triple coal power subsidies despite climate crisis (2019-06-25).
  7. HN: G20 nations triple coal power subsidies despite climate crisis (theguardian.com) (2019-06-25).
  8. Pruitt chooses not to ban pesticide after scientists find neurotoxicity (2017-03-30).
  9. Fuel economy standards kill people, Trump administration claims (2018-02-08). Actually: Austerity kills. Poverty kills. Lack of money for science and technology kills. The military kills.
  10. EPA to its employees: Ignore science when talking about climate change (2018-03-29).
  11. Disappointing opinions in the reddit futurology forum (2018-07-06).
  12. Rich countries pushing 'dirty energy' in Africa, report claims (2018-07-23).
  13. No Existing Policies Will Be Enough To Prevent A Future “Hothouse Earth” (2018-08-08).
  14. New U.S. Oil And Gas Drilling To Unleash 1,000 Coal Plants’ Worth Of Pollution By 2050 (2019-01-16).
    • Quote:
      That would make it nearly impossible to keep global warming within the 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit above pre-industrial averages, beyond which United Nations scientists forecast climate change to be catastrophic, with upward of $54 trillion in damages.
    • Note: 2.7 F° = 1.5 C°
    • Quote:
      The authors cited a Bloomberg New Energy Finance analysis that replacing all coal use with gas and renewables by 2035 “would not be sufficient” to get power sector emissions onto a trajectory that would keep warming within 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit ― the temperature cap the world agreed to under the 2015 Paris agreement.
    • Note: 3.6 F° = 2 C°
  15. The End of Ice (2019-03-09).
    • Time 760: No recognition of need of change. Criminal Rick Scott had been elected governor of Florida for 8 years (2011 - 2019).
    • Time 1049: Criminal negligence. Some politicians understand but do not act correctly.
    • Time 1152: Quote: 100 corporations in this world account for 71% of the CO2 greenhouse gases released on our planet and the governments let them get away with it.
      Actually:
      This is false. 100 corporations sold the fossil fuel for 71% of the C2 greenhouse gases.
      The stupid original headline: New report shows just 100 companies are source of over 70% of emissions (2017-07-10).
      The report: CDP Carbon Majors Report 2017 (2017-07).
      The democratic majority is to blame for electing evil and insane politicians.
    • Time 1404: What to do to make people recognize and act? People tend to react only to imminent threats or benefits regarding themselves.
    • Time 1775: A war economy against climate disruption is appropriate.
  16. Cement Produces More Pollution Than All the Trucks in the World (2019-06-25).
    • Quote:
      There are greener ways to make it⁠, but customers are slow to embrace the change.
  17. wikipedia.org: Steven Mnuchin
    cnbc.com: Mnuchin says Greta Thunberg can tell us what to do ‘after she goes and studies economics in college’ (2020-01-23).
    • Quote:
      “Is she the chief economist or who is she? I’m confused,” Mnuchin said, before adding this was “a joke. That was funny.”
    cnbc.com: Greta Thunberg hits back after Mnuchin says she should study economics in college (2020-01-23).
    twitter.com: GretaThunberg (2020-01-23).
    • Quote:
      My gap year ends in August, but it doesn’t take a college degree in economics to realise that our remaining 1,5° carbon budget and ongoing fossil fuel subsidies and investments don’t add up.
      So either you tell us how to achieve this mitigation or explain to future generations and those already affected by the climate emergency why we should abandon our climate commitments.
      Graph from @CarbonBrief by @hausfath and @robbie_andrew based on United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) emissions gap report.
    • IMO:
      I love Greta's reply.
      Steven Mnuchin is an evil poverty apologist and insane austerity fanatic.
      Control by politics and economics.
    • Reply from another person:: Quote:
      Over 4,000 of the top economists have signed a statement supporting Greta's position that ending fossil fuel subsidies is a wise approach so there's a lot more support for her position than there is for the fossil fools policy of business-as-usual.
      clcouncil.org: ECONOMISTS’ STATEMENT ON CARBON DIVIDENDS
    • Reply from another person:: Quote:
      Munchin has a BA from Yale, hardly an advanced degree in economics. Also, 300 of his own classmates asked him to resign. What a disgrace to an office once held by Alexander Hamilton.
    • Reply from another person:: Quote:
      Not just that. He was a legacy admission (his father went to Yale), and after college he got hired at Goldman Sachs (where his father worked). He was also initiated into Skull and Bones. Not sure how MAGAts or Qidiots haven't taken issue with any of that.

Hot climate in the history of Earth.

Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum.

Wikipedia: Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum

Eocene.

Wikipedia: Eocene.