last update: 2019 10 10
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Climate change.

The facts

The solutions

The problems

Hot climate in the history of Earth

The facts.

CO2 budget clock for 2° C and 1.5 °C warming.

climateactiontracker.org

www.electricitymap.org

globalcarbonatlas.org

www.methanelevels.org

Youtube channel: potholer54.

How accurate are scientific predictions about climate? (2019-04-09).

Europe ‘could get 10 times’ its electricity needs from onshore wind, study says (2019-07-05).

Building new renewables is now cheaper than just running old coal and nuclear plants (2017-11-20).

Future of Energy I Ramez Naam I Exponential Energy I SingularityU Czech Summit 2018 (2018-05-25).

Article: reuters.com: More than 40 percent of world coal plants are unprofitable: report (2018-11-30).

Reddit: America has officially entered the “coal cost crossover” – Today, local wind and solar could replace approximately 74 percent of the U.S. coal fleet at an immediate savings to customers. (2019-04-05)
Article: energyinnovation.org: The Coal Cost Crossover: Economic Viability Of Existing Coal Compared To New Local Wind And Solar Resources (2019-03-24).
Video: How noisy is a wind farm? (2011-07-06).

Article: Scientists amazed as Canadian permafrost thaws 70 years early (2019-06-18).
HN: Canadian permafrost thaws 70 years earlier than predicted (reuters.com) (2019-06-18).

Climate change: Oceans 'soaking up more heat than estimated' (2018-11-01).
Emissions need to be halved to avoid 3C warming - scientists (2019-06-19).
HN: Oil Companies Plan to Blow Past World Carbon Budget (theguardian.com) (2019-10-10).
Oil firms to pour extra 7m barrels per day into markets, data shows (2019-10-10).

The solutions.

The energy solution has 2 parts:
Science and technology must be promoted to reduce and reverse climate warming.

Besides:

Migration.

Policies based on "one world for all" will be necessary to keep peace.

Migration towards the poles of Earth might become necessary.

Many persons will live in cool buildings and cities.
Unfortunately wild life will not have this option.

Climate change to cause humid heatwaves that will kill even healthy people (2017-08-02).

Unsurvivable heatwaves could strike heart of China by end of century (2018-07-31).

Heat wave leaves thousands of Australian homes without power (2018-01-29).

Record-breaking heatwave triggers power cuts on Australia's stressed grid (2019-01-25).

Cooling.

How we can turn the cold of outer space into a renewable resource | Aaswath Raman (2018-06-22).
In the future, particular surfaces reflect heat to outer space while other solar radiation is used to produce electricity.

Diet.

Enforcement of a low-fat low-protein high-carb vegan diet for medical, ecological, economic and ethical reasons.

UN Climate Report Has Trevor Noah Bashing Vegans (2019-08-13).
Cowspiracy movie. Available on Youtube and Netflix.
What the Health movie. Available on Youtube and Netflix.
The Game Changers Official Teaser Trailer.
PLANT BASED NEWS. Notably WHY LOW CARB DIETS ARE A SCAM.
Mic. the Vegan. Notably I Thought We Required Animal Protein....
Plant based meat. impossiblefoods.com.

Different sources of energy.

Elimination of all industries that prevent a decrease of the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere after 2025.
Total Surface Area Required to Fuel the World With Solar or Offshore Wind (2009-08-13).

Solar-to-Fuel System Recycles CO2 to Make Ethanol and Ethylene (2017-09-18).

Methanol-Fueled Cars Could Drive Us Toward an Emissionless Future (2018-05-31).

Building new renewables is now cheaper than just running old coal and nuclear plants (2017-11-20).

Future of Energy I Ramez Naam I Exponential Energy I SingularityU Czech Summit 2018 (2018-05-25).

New Study: 50% Renewables Would Save AZ More than $4 Billion (2018-06-14).

Wind Farms Might Heat up the Planet, After All (2018-10-05).

climitigation.org

Rice device channels heat into light (2019-07-12).
r/futurology: Researchers at Rice University develop method to convert heat into electricity, boosting solar energy system theoretical maximum efficiency from 22% to 80% (2019-07-24).

The Future of Wind Turbines? No Blades (2015-05-15). HN: The Future of Wind Turbines? No Blades (2015) (wired.com) (2019-09-07).
vortexbladeless.com

Jet fuel from thin air: Aviation's hope or hype? (2019-10-01).
HN: Jet fuel from thin air: Aviation's hope or hype? (bbc.com) (2019-10-01).

Different use of energy.

As heat.
E.g. in molten salt. Project Malta.

As energy in batteries.
Vanadium redox battery.
Solid state battery.

As energy in recyclable fuel like ethanol or hydrogen to be used in fuel cells so that the CO2 remains contained.

'Instantly rechargeable' battery could change the future of electric and hybrid automobiles (2017-06-01).

Solar-to-Fuel System Recycles CO2 to Make Ethanol and Ethylene (2017-09-18).

Methanol-Fueled Cars Could Drive Us Toward an Emissionless Future (2018-05-31).

According to the Global Carbon Atlas:
36 183 million metric tons of CO2 emissions in 2016.

According to estimates in 2018 by Carbon Engineering and Climeworks: At a cost of $ 600 per metric ton of CO2, the capture of the emissions of 2016 (36 183 million metric tons) costs $ 21 710 billion or $ 21.7 trillion.
At a cost of $ 100 per metric ton of CO2, the capture of the emissions of 2016 (36 183 million metric tons) costs $ 3 618 billion or $ 3.6 trillion.

climitigation.org.

Electric cars are already cheaper to own and run, says study (2019-02-12).

Nuclear power.

Nuclear power.
Especially fusion power after 2030 or 2040.

The long term problem of nuclear waste is very small compared to the very urgent very big problem of climate warming.
But current nuclear power technology is too expensive in any time frame.
Europe’s heatwave is forcing nuclear power plants to shut down (2018-08-06). The rivers become too warm for ecological reasons.
Other coolants than water of rivers might be used in the near future. E.g. molten salt.

Reduction of greenhouse gases.

Carbon sequestration to reduce the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is urgent and required.

Carbon sequestration by permanent CO2 mineral storage in basalts.
E.g. The CarbFix project.

Carbon sequestration by trees.
E.g. BioCarbon Engineering.

Transformation of CO2 into fuel.

'Instantly rechargeable' battery could change the future of electric and hybrid automobiles (2017-06-01).

Solar-to-Fuel System Recycles CO2 to Make Ethanol and Ethylene (2017-09-18).

Methanol-Fueled Cars Could Drive Us Toward an Emissionless Future (2018-05-31).

Reddit: Researchers from University of Illinois have proposed a design solution for an improved leaf, which would use carbon dioxide — a potent greenhouse gas — from the air, would be at least 10 times more efficient than natural leaves at converting carbon dioxide to fuel. (2019-02-13).
Article: Moving artificial leaves out of the lab and into the air (2019-02-12).

Blue Carbon in the oceans.

Sequestration of carbon as blue carbon.
The Blue Carbon initiative.
Unfortunately it is not well known how to manage blue carbon.

Fertilizing the Ocean with Iron (2007-11-13).
World's biggest geoengineering experiment 'violates' UN rules (2012-10-15).

Study backs seaweed's carbon capturing potential (2015-05-19).

10 Regenerated Ocean Amazon Pastures Will Naturally Manage The World’s CO2 Crisis And Bring Back The Fish (2016-06-27).
But: Seeding iron in the Pacific may not pull carbon from air as thought (2016-03-03).
Can we remove a trillion tons of carbon from the atmosphere? (2018-05-03).

Time.

Notably regarding methane.

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmospheric_methane#Removal_processes:
From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Runaway_climate_change#Methane_deposits_and_clathrates:

The problems.

The energy problem has 2 parts:
Drastic changes are urgent if preservation of the current species is important.
IMO allowing all animals of species adapted: is morally unacceptable.

Migration of humans, other animals and plants to colder regions because of climate change will happen.
But numbers are difficult to predict:

List of countries by greenhouse gas emissions per capita.

Sharp rise in methane levels threatens world climate targets (2019-02-17).
Climate crisis might be behind the rise of mysterious superbug C. auris, study suggests (2019-07-23).
Deadly fungal infection is first to emerge because of global warming, scientists believe (2019-07-23).

There is need for urgent change.
There is no reason for panic.
The biosphere had been much warmer in former geological epochs.

CO2 is catastrophic for most current species.

The harm of climate change and pollution in 2017 is estimated to be over 300 billion dollars in the USA.
Assessing the U.S. Climate in 2017 (2018-01-05).

Unpredictable costs are measured in trillions.
The harm of climate change and pollution regarding humans, animals, other living beings is unfathomable.

Global warming reaches 1°C above pre-industrial level in 2015, warmest in more than 11,000 years.
Naomi Oreskes on climate change: “We’ve blown it… but pessimism is not acceptable” (2016-02-24).
Why Hope Is Dangerous When It Comes to Climate Change (2017-07-25).
Barents Sea seems to have crossed a climate tipping point (2018-06-26).
Decomposing Plastics Have Been a Source of Greenhouse Gases This Whole Time (2018-08-02).

Arctic methane is apocalyptic for must current species.

Article: Scientists amazed as Canadian permafrost thaws 70 years early (2019-06-18).
HN: Canadian permafrost thaws 70 years earlier than predicted (reuters.com) (2019-06-18).

Release of Arctic Methane “May Be Apocalyptic,” Study Warns (2017-03-23).
Carbon release from permafrost.
Damage worth of hundreds of trillions because of arctic thawing (2013-07-25).

Evil insane persons in control of climate change.

After 30 Years Studying Climate, Scientist Declares: "I've Never Been as Worried as I Am Today" (2018-12-13).
Obviously evil is the intention of evil French President Emmanual Macron in 2018 to increase the tax on fossil fuel for 2 purposes:
Modern life in modern cities.

Summit leak reveals EU rift on climate change (2019-03-21).
More proofs of the insanity and evil of politicians:

Hot climate in the history of Earth.

Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum.

Wikipedia: Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum

Eocene.

Wikipedia: Eocene.